Home - Sensor Specifications - Products/Store - Design Solutions - Compare
Installation Pictures - F.A.Q. - Wholesale Inquiries - Contact Us

1. General Description and Installation

     Please direct any questions or comments to,  Engineering
       or just call Dale Barnes, Engineering/Sales @ +1-814-321-5333

  1. General Description and Installation

  2. Basic Design Considerations

  3. Specific Design Solutions

  4. Psychological Impact

  5. Liability Requirements and Troubleshooting

  6. What makes an ordinary electric fence an extra-ordinary high security device

  7. Pictures of installed security fences: Residential -- Commercial

GENERAL DESCRIPTION AND INSTALLATION

There are several basic considerations and many secondary considerations in designing an electric fence. We shall discuss the primary considerations first.

NOTE:  When properly designed and installed, an electric security fence is the least expensive, safest, and most secure method for securing property and lives when compared to walls, other types of fences, human guards, and watch dogs. The fence does NOT sleep. The fence CANNOT be bribed. The fence does NOT require food or water. A well designed electric fence has more deterrence value than a guard with a sawed off shotgun or a snarling pit bull. For some design ideas, please view our selection of installed security fences. Residential Installations --- Commercial Installations

1. COST:  consider that any cost is too expensive if the fence is ineffectual, or just doesn't work. So then, you have to have, at the least, a minimally effective design, to justify the cost, or it isn't worth doing at all. Do it right, or don't bother.

If you have security guards, you can pay for and justify the fence by reducing at least half of your guard force and still maintain a much higher security level. The remaining guards can respond quickly before an intruder even enters onto the property. You will find that an electric fence is the best security investment that
 you have ever made.

   An Electric Security Fence is designed to keep out predators, thieves, trespassers, vandals and disease. If you also employ security guards, 
they will complement the security that is provided by a well designed 
high voltage electric fence.

2. An electric fence design to keep livestock penned in (or out) is no different. A simple wire or tape around the pasture or livestock enclosure is only done for a temporary enclosure. A more permanent enclosure requires the same design considerations as you would for security. Security for your expensive livestock should be a prime consideration.

   An Electric Security Fence is designed to protect property, livestock, production, manufacturing, and lives. Every situation is different, but there are also some considerations that are the same, no matter who, what, or where.

   When designing your electric security fence, keep in mind the above statements and each individual item that applies. Also to "keep out" or to "keep in" are both are valid considerations.

   3. The smallest effective fence extension for security consists of 4 strands where the top and alternate strands are connected to earth ground with the alternate strand to be charged The reason for 2 charged strands is to provide a security loop. You make the connections or the fence energizer to the outgoing wire and return on the other strand to be able to monitor the voltage and status of the fence. This ability to monitor the fence status and fence voltage is a critical factor on any electric fence

4. The smallest effective fence extension for livestock consists of 2 strands. The reason for 2 charged strands is to provide a security loop. You make the connections or the fence energizer to the outgoing wire and return on the other strand to be able to monitor the voltage and status of the fence. This ability to monitor the fence status and fence voltage is still the 
critical factor on any electric fence

   However, if you connect both the outgoing and returning ends to the charger, then, even if cut, the high tensile wire is charged from both ends, and you will not be able to detect a break or short in your fence. Security is then compromised. 

   The more secure design is, the returning high tensile wire is connected to 
a high voltage monitor and alarm.

   Therefore all electric security fences should have an even number of charged High tensile/voltage strands. EX: 2, 4, 6, 8, etc. strands. To provide a secure fence of any type the strands should be interconnected in an alternating fashion to provide a singe loop that is charged from one end and monitored from the far end.

   A voltage monitor attached to the very end of the charged loop will sound and alarm or siren if the wire is cut or shorted making the voltage drop. A more sophisticated electric fence monitor will also alert you to a lowered voltage to indicate the weeds and brush need to be cleared from your fence.  Although very few petty thieves will attempt to cut through the fence, the fence/voltage monitor makes the electric security fence into a very effective 
alarm sounding security device when tampered with. 

   If the fence is designed to make it very difficult to pass without a resultant shock, and when coupled with a voltage fence monitor becomes an extremely effective security system. The final determination will always be a balance to whether the additional level of security is worth the added cost of a voltage monitor.

   Grounded Strands: the high tensile strands should alternate with grounded strands. The grounded strands should be insulated exactly like the high tensile strands. If all the strands are insulated, the fence is perceived as much more lethal, and therefore becomes much more effective. If an intruder actually decides to cut a wire, not knowing which are grounded strands and which are charged strands makes the fence retain a higher security rating.

   A fence is designed with 3 or more strands. Usually, the top strand and the bottom strand are charged, however, there are some cases where a 4th grounded strand is added as the topmost strand to help ward of falling foliage, fronds, etc to help prevent the plants from shorting out the high tensile strands and creating "false alarms". 

   If the electric fence is constructed from ground level, then the bottom strand may be a grounded strand to prevent weeds and grass from shorting out the High tensile/voltage circuit. However, a concrete footer is a better design option with the bottom strand to be charged. 


Back to top


INSTALLING THE EQUIPMENT:


  
The components of your system should be installed and mounted inside and out of sight and LOCKED out of reach from unauthorized people. Hang the high voltage charger from the wall and connect it to the battery placed under fence charger using the red and black wires that are attached to the fence charger with the red wire to the positive terminal and the black wire to the negative terminal.  

NOTE: Make sure the fence charger switch is turned to the OFF position. Connect the battery charger to the battery and plug the battery charger into the wall voltage of 230 volts so that the battery is being continuously charged. Make sure that the battery charger is "current limited" or of the type that can be continuously connected to your battery without over charging the battery. 

   Now connect your Earth Ground System  and all your ground return wires together, and then make the connection to ground connection on the fence charger. Use a minimum sized wire of 14 AWG or larger, in either solid copper or galvanized steel and make the connections with appropriate connectors. A common cause of failure is a poor connection to the high voltage strands from the high voltage charger.

   Make sure you have a sufficient "earth ground" network. Always use a minimum of 2 ground rods 3 or more meters apart, and additional ground rods at least every 100 meters (300 feet). Do NOT connect the fence energizer ground to any household ground such as water pipes, well casings, etc. This could cause a dangerous condition in the case of lightening strikes on the fence strands.

   If the monitor system used is also charged with detecting ground voltage, a separate ground network should be used for grounding the monitoring device.

   Finally make your high voltage connection to the fence using an appropriate connector with high tensile or spark plug wire with an insulation rating capable of carrying the high voltage with a large enough safety factor. When you run the high tensile wire to the fence charger make sure the high voltage wire is not laying on the ground, and is not running through water, and is not placed across sharp corners. Many installations use standard (14AWG solid) single strand wire fed through 1 or more thick wall plastic hoses.

   If you have purchased a fence monitor connect it to your battery and connect the end of your high voltage charged loop to the high voltage terminal on the monitor using the same high tensile wire that you used to connect the charger to the fence. Connect the Earth Ground System to the ground terminal of the monitor, or if desired connect to a solid earth ground network used only by the monitor.

   The fence monitor will continuously monitor the voltage on the fence. If an intruder cuts a wire the fence monitor will sound a siren alarm. On the more sophisticated monitors,  the grass, weeds, or brush when grown and partially shorts out the fence and lowers the high voltage, a separate alarm will be given to alert you that the fence should be checked and cleared.

   We strongly recommend a separate battery to power the monitor and siren, bell, or whatever alarm notification is connected to the fence monitor. The small extra cost of a small 12 volt battery that will feed your monitor and devices raises the security rating of your system at least another notch higher on the security rating scale.

   A High Voltage fence charger/energizer with a voltmeter that will also continuously monitor the voltage on the fence is a super "backup" device. If a frond or foliage is laying across the high tensile wire, and partially shorting it out, the fence voltage will drop and will indicate on the voltmeter on the energizer.

   We recommend that you check your fence at least once a week. Plant foliage, or branches or fronds laying across the high tensile wire might not reduce the voltage on the meter when dry, but foliage becomes a conductor when wet and might easily short out your system completely reducing the fence voltage to almost zero when soaked from rain.

Back to top 


  1. General Description and Installation

  2. Basic Design Considerations

  3. Specific Design Solutions

  4. Psychological Impact

  5. Liability Requirements and Troubleshooting

  6. What makes an ordinary electric fence an extra-ordinary high security device

  7. Pictures of installed security fences: Residential -- Commercial


Home - Sensor Specifications - Products/Store - Design Solutions - Compare
Installation Pictures - F.A.Q. - Wholesale Inquiries - Contact Us

� 2006-2014
Intelligent Fencing Systems, Inc.
Tampa, Florida
United States
813-315-8082